Science and technology address more and more areas of society, generating both the interest and concern of citizens. Many projects all over the world are founded to explore and test modes of participation of civil society in research activities. Thus the available references and reports are varied as the number of projects, involved civil society organisations or even countries and making a complete list is almost impossible. This following short list of publications and websites therefore only can be a starting point for your specific research for additional and more detailed information.
Participatory Methods Toolkit – A practitioner’s manual
This is a joint publication of the King Baudouin Foundation and the Flemish Institute for Science and Technology Assessment (viWTA). ISBN: 90-5130-506-0, September 2005
People and Participation – How to put citizens in the heart of decision making
People & Participation is the first publication of Involve, a new organisation focused on the practical issues of making public participation work. This publication includes in its appendices a guide to the guides and a bibliography. Involve, 212 High Holborn, London, WC1V 7BF, tel. 020 7632 0120, email@example.com, www.involving.org. Also available Participation Nation, Evaluation Guide, and Participatory Budgeting
Participatory Technology Assessment – EUROPTA
A comparative analysis of the practice and experiences of Participatory Technology Assessment of involved countries (Denmark, Germany, Great Britain, Holland, Austria, Switzerland) was carried out by the Danish Board of Technology.
Joss, S., Bellucci, S., Ed. (2002). Participatory Technology Assessment. European perspectives. London, Centre for the Study of Democracy
Technology Assessment – Methods and Impacts (TAMI)
Decker, M., Ladikas, M., Ed. (2004) “Bridges between Science, Society and Policy. Technology Assessment - Methods and Impacts" ISBN: 3-540-21283-3, published by Springer Verlag, Berlin,.EPTA,
This book summarises the results of the project TAMI (Technology Assessment in Europe; between Method and Impact). This was a two-year project that brought together the main institutes of technology assessment in Europe, both parliamentary and non-parliamentary. TAMI created a structured dialogue between technology assessment experts and policymakers on current methodologies and their impact on policymaking. The TAMI team explored and assessed the whole spectrum of methodologies from the "classical" to the "interactive/participatory" and "communicative", identified good practices in project implementation and set the stage for impact evaluation based on objective criteria.
From Science and Society to Science in Society: Towards a Framework for ‘Co-operative Research’
Report of a European Commission Workshop, Governance and Scientific Advice Unit of DG RTD, Directorate C2, Directorate General Research and Technology Development, Brussels, 24th – 25th November 2005
The Citizen Jury Handbook
The Jefferson Center is a non-profit, non-partisan organization that advocates the use of a democratic process known as the Citizens Jury. The Jefferson Center has produced a revised Citizens Jury Handbook for those interested in the details of conducting a Citizens Jury project. The Jefferson Center can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Callon, Michel. 1999. The role of lay people in the production and dissemination of scientific knowledge. Science, Technology and Society 4: 81-94.
Fiorino, Daniel J. 1990. Citizen participation and environmental risk: a survey of institutional mechanisms. Science, Technology and Human Values 15: 226-243.
Gastil, John, and Peter Levine, eds. 2005. The Deliberative democracy Handbook. Strategies for Effective Civic Engagement in the 21st Century. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, a Wiley imprint.
Irwin, Alan, and Brian Wynne, eds. 1996. Misunderstanding science? The public reconstruction of science and technology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kleinmann, Daniel Lee, ed. 2000. Science, Technology, and Democracy. Albany: State University of New York Press.
Rowe, Gene, and Lynn J. Frewer. 2005. A typology of public engagement mechanisms. Science, Technology and Human Values 30: 251-290.
World bank participation sourcebook: http://www.worldbank.org/wbi/sourcebook/sbhome.htm
(different participative methodologies, but very promising examples in developing countries)
Participatory Methods overview by the Danish Board of Technology
Every year The Danish Board of Technology carries out a number of projects of varying dimensions. They launch these projects with a view toward offering an overview. The projects are always based on a method.
The methods of technological assessment are central to the work of the Danish Board of Technology. The DBT constantly brings about new methods, while existing methods are being updated and adjusted. Some of these methods have been developed by the DBT, while others have been borrowed from international or other Danish institutions.
Links to other bibliographies
Annotated Bibliography on Citizen Participation and Local Governance
This annotated bibliography reviews a broad selection of literature on the subject of citizen participation and local governance, including theoretical debates and case studies, and suggests approaches for both policy makers and practitioners. It is divided into four sections, preceded by an introductory overview.
Public Participation Bibliography
A Project of the Ecological and Cultural Change Studies Group, at Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI
Toolbox by the Urban Research Program (URP), Griffith University, AU
The URP Toolbox is a free resource of principles and strategies to enhance meaningful stakeholder involvement in decision-making. Stakeholders include not only communities, but also scientists and decision-makers. Meaningful involvement of all stakeholders occurs through a commitment to social learning - learning on the part of communities, other stakeholders and institutions. One of the key elements of using the Toolbox is that strategies need to be tailored to fit unique issues and stakeholders. In many cases, a combination of different tools is required to effectively involve all stakeholders in decision-making.
Included in the Toolbox: Over 60 community involvement tools, from public meetings to consensus conferences, Case studies of the uses of various tools and the reflections of stakeholders who participated, An annotated bibliography of over 500 urban research references
(https://www3.secure.griffith.edu.au/03/toolbox/biblio.php), Theoretical discussions of citizen science issues.
While the Toolbox has a focus on coastal and catchment environments, the principles and tools can be used in many other areas for a wide range of issues.
Bibliography - Community Participation, Principles, Concepts, Methods
A website by the Australian Government – Australian Institute for Family Studies, dividing the literature in Australian and international literature